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所在位置:陕西成考网 > 复习资料 > 专升本 > 2019年成人高考专升本英语复习资料08

2019年成人高考专升本英语复习资料08

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2019-05-08 11:34:46 来源:陕西成考网
作者:傅老师

  常用介词用法:

  1. across(穿过) My mother lives across the street.

  I came across him yesterday. ( come across偶然遇到 )

  The post office is just across the street.

  2. after(在……之后)

  The girl is named after her mother.

  (name after 以……命名)

  Rewrite the sentences after the model. (模仿,仿照)

  3. against(反对) What you are doing is against the rule.

  We are against the proposal. (be against 反对)

  Nobody has got anything against you.

  4. along(沿着) They walked along Nanjing Road.

  There is a cinema along the street. I'm getting along well with my classmates.

  5. around(围绕) We all drew up closely around him.

  The guide showed us around the city.

  (show sb. around 领某人参观)

  6. at(在……) Let's meet at the station.

  She was at a conference.

  The committee is to meet at the weekend. He joined up at eighteen.(join up 参军)

  What are you laughing at? (laugh at 嘲笑)

  My mother was surprised at the news.(be surprised at 吃惊) He is good at drawing.

  7. before(在……之前)

  Don't put the cart before the horse. 不要本末倒置。

  Pride comes before a fall. 骄傲就会摔跤。 Before starting the work, we had a discussion.

  Before long, the war broke out. (break out 爆发)

  I bought the book the day before yesterday.

  8. besides ( 除…之外还 ) There are six students in the classroom besides me.  Besides fun good exercise, swimming is a very useful skill.

  9. between(在……之间) Come between ten eleven o'clock.

  They don't know the difference between wheat oats.

  (among 用于三者或三者以上) What's the difference between them?

  10. beyond(在……之外)

  The lake is beyond that mountain. Don't go beyond the city boundary. (go beyond 超过)

  It's expensive beyond our reach.

  The city is beyond recognition. (beyond recognition 面目全非)

  The problem is too difficult. It's beyond me.

  This is inevitable beyond all doubts. 这是必然的,毫无疑义的。

  11. but ( 除…之外 ) Who but a fool would do such a thing?

  I have nothing but a book in my hand. I'm the last but one to get here.

  12.by(经过) She passed by me without saying goodbye to me.

  The woman is standing by the door. By the time we got to the station, the train had left.

  By the end of the year, we have trained 400 people.

  I came here by taxi. (by bus, by plane, by ship, on foot )

  The girl isn't an actress by profession. (actor 男演员) What's the time by your watch?

  Consumer goods production will go up by 6 % this year.

  I met him by chance yesterday. (by chance 偶尔碰到)

  We all have to abide by the rules. (abide by 遵守)

  In order to pass the exam, we have to learn the texts by heart.

  At the age of ten she began to live by herself.(by oneself 独自)

  13. except (除去) None of us have seen the film except my sister.

  He comes to school every day except Saturday.

  She is alone in the world except for her mother.

  14. for(为了)

  Thank you for spending so much time listening to me explain.

  Thank you for spending so much time listening to my explanation.

  Forgive me for being late. (表原因) I'm sorry for what has happened.

  The coat is for sale. (for sale 出售)

  Whenever she is in trouble, she'll turn to her parents for help.

  (be in trouble 处在困难之中 turn to 向某人求助)

  We left Beijing for Shanghai last week. (leave…for… 动身去)

  I sold the flat for 100,000 yuan. (flat, apartment 公寓,house 别墅,)

  How much do you pay for the coat? (pay for 付款)

  I do this all for your good. (for one's good 为了某人好)

  They do this for the sake of their mother. (for the sake of 因为)

  15. from(来自……) We've learnt a lot from our teacher.

  They are busy from morning to night.(from……to…… 从……到……)

  The letter is from your parents. I have been away from home for a long time.

  (be away from home 离开家)

  The film we saw yesterday was different from the novel.

  (be different from 与……不同,differ from)

  The wine is made from the best grapes.

  make from 化学变化 make of 物理变化 The desk is made of wood.

  make sth. up 由……组成

  Animal bodies are made up of cells.

  Society is made up of people of widely differing abilities.

  make with sth. 迅速拿出或提供某物 Make with the beers, buster. 伙计,拿啤酒来。

  make for 为……做…… She made coffee for all of us.

  Millions of people are suffering from the war.(suffer from 遭受)

  He is weak from lack of sleep. (lack of 缺乏)

  I try to prevent them from doing the work, but in vain.

  (prevent sb. from doing sth. 阻止某人做某事) (in vain 毫无作用,徒劳)

  The situation is getting from bad to worse. The guest is talking from beginning to the end.

  16. in(在……里) We'll be back in three days.

  ( He came back three days ago.)

  Do you work in the daytime or at night?

  We'll be back in no time. (in no time 立刻,马上)

  He is always in a good mood. (in a good mood 情绪很好 in a bad mood 情绪很糟)

  I have no difficulty/ trouble in solving the problem. (no difficulty in doing sth. 没有困难)

  Did you have any difficulty in finding the hotel?

  They have done it in a wrong way. (in a wrong way 错误的方式)

  They accepted the plan in principle. (in principle 原则上)

  17. into(进入) Let's go into the room. I worked far into the night.

  The house has been turned into a museum.( turn into 变成 )

  We must put these theories into practice.

  They all burst into laughter. (burst into 爆发)

  At the news, my sister burst into tears. (burst into tears 放声大哭)

  I ran into my former classmate at the station. We haven't seen each other for a long time.

  (run into 偶然碰到,偶然遇到)

  18. like(像……) He likes its mother. 他喜欢他的母亲。

  The baby looks like its mother. It looks like snow.

  What's the weather like today? I don't feel like eating anything. What does it look(taste) like?

  19. of(……的) Have you got the Complete Works of Lu Hsun?

  We're of the same opinion. (be of 赞同)

  Electricity is of great use in industry everyday life. (be of use=be useful)

  Your help is of great value to us. (be of value=be valuable)

  I often think of the days we spent together. (think of 想起)

  I read it quite by chance in a magazine. (by chance 偶然)

  It's very kind of you to remind me of it. ( remind sb. of sth. 提醒某人某事)

  The picture reminds me of the time we spent together in Dalian.

  We're proud of our son. (be proud of 以……为骄傲)

  The little boy is afraid of dogs. (be afraid of 害怕) It's just waste of time.

  He is ashamed of his past.(be ashamed of 羞耻,惭愧) The village is short of water.(be short of 缺少)

  I do all these of my own will. (of one's own 出于某人的意愿)

  20. on(在……上) You hit the nail on the head. 你这话击中了要害。

  Put the book on the shelf, please.

  My mother was born on April 14, 1947.

  (哪一年用in,具体到某一天用on)

  He left Beijing for home on the morning of July 2.

  (in the morning , 具体到某一天的上午、下午、晚上用on )

  On the eve of their departure, they gave a farewell banquet. (on the eve of 在……前夕)

  We usually get up late on Sunday morning. On his return he told us about the meeting.

  They will go on a visit to Asia. (go on a visit=visit )

  He is here on business. (be on business 做生意)

  The workers at the airport is on strike. (be on strike 罢工)

  When we came back, we found our house on fire. (on fire 着火)

  The professor is making a speech on the current situation.(关于)

  This house is on sale. (on sale 出售) Who's on duty today?

  The girl insists on leaving home depends on herself for a living.

  (insist on 坚持 depend on 依靠,依赖)

  21. out of(出于)

  Looking out of the window, I saw a girl turn round the corner.

  My brother has been out of the hospital for a week.

  (be out of the hospital 出院 be in hospital 住院)

  He did it out of gratitude for us. We helped the poor boy out of sympathy.

  Please get out of the way. 别挡道。

  All of us were out of breath when we got to the top of the mountain. (be out of breath 气喘吁吁)

  22. since(自从)They have been close friends since childhood.(从儿童时期他们就是好朋友)

  We've always been on guard since then.(be on guard 警惕)

  23. through (通过、穿过) There is a path through the garden.

  I've gone through the book.(go through 看过 浏览过)

  She must have been through a lot.( be through 受罪 )

  We quickly saw through his trick. ( see through 看穿 )

  How soon will you be through? (be through 打电话)

  You're through now. 你的电话接通了。

  He began to look through the album. (look through 翻阅)

  The couple went through many hardships. (go through 经历)

  24. to We'll change the date to July 10. (to 到什么时间)

  Let's drink to your health. ( drink to 为什么干杯 )

  Don't leave things to the last moment.(to the last moment 到最后一刻)

  You're awfully nice to me. Hainan lies to the south of Guangdong. ( lie on, lie in )

  To our surprise, she gave up the opportunity.(to one's suuprise 使某人感到惊奇 give up 放弃)

  The final score is 3:5 in our favor.

  25. under(在……的下面) The road is under repair.(be under repair 正在修理)

  From here, we can see the bridge under construction.

  Scientists believe that they will get weather under control some day. (under control 在控制之中)

  The unpopular mayor is under constant attack in the newspapers.

  26. with(和……)

  Who was that with you? 你刚才和谁在一起?

  Our teacher is strict with us. ( be strict with sb. 对某人严格要求)

  My father is always patient with me. ( be patient with 对某人有耐心)

  We're satisfied with our work. ( be satisfied with 对……满意)

  We're familiar with each other. ( be famililar with 熟悉 similiar to 相似)

  Her eyes were filled with tears. ( be filled with 充满)

  He's in bed with flu. The ground was covered with snow.

  The street is crowded with people.( be crowded with 拥挤 )

  He wanted to kill two birds with one stone.( 一举两得) The girl greeted me with a smile.

  The young man with glasses over there is my brother.

  I found the place with great difficulty. (with great difficulty费很大劲)

  It's hot outside. He was working there with only a T-shirt on.

  The girl was sitting in a chair with her hands folded.

  介词考试重点:

  除了要掌握介词与动词、名词、形容词的固定搭配外,还需牢记一个基本点即,介词后面接的是宾语,因此跟在其后面的主要是代词、名词或动名词及其词组,间或是宾语从句。

  ①I'm looking forward ____ you tomorrow.

  A.to see B. to seeing C. seeing D. see look forward to doing 答案B

  ②I always arrive at the office in time, but _______ the heavy rain, I'm one hour late this morning.

  A.because B. because of C. as D. since because、as、since接句子 答案B

  ③This weekly schedule will make you more aware of how you spend your time. aware of意识到

成考倒计时

106

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